By Aldo Leopold
Because his demise in 1948, Aldo Leopold has been more and more famous as one of many essential figures of yank environmentalism. A pioneering forester, sportsman, natural world supervisor, and ecologist, he was once additionally a proficient author whose farsighted land ethic is proving more and more proper in our personal time. Now, Leopold’s crucial contributions to our literature––some hard-to-find or formerly unpublished––are amassed in one quantity for the 1st time. this is his vintage A Sand County Almanac, hailed––with Thoreau’s Walden and Carson’s Silent Spring––as one of many major literary impacts at the smooth environmental stream. released in 1949, it's nonetheless unbelievable at the present time: a vibrant, firsthand, philosophical travel de strength. in addition to Sand County are greater than fifty articles, essays, and lectures exploring the hot complexities of ecological technology and what we might now name environmental ethics. Leopold’s sharp-eyed, frequently funny journals are illustrated the following for the 1st time along with his unique images, drawings, and maps. additionally detailed to this assortment is a variety of over a hundred letters, so much of them by no means earlier than released, tracing his own evolution and his efforts to foster in others the affection and experience of accountability he felt for the land.
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Additional info for A Sand County Almanac & Other Writings on Conservation and Ecology
Simmons, ‘Vegetation change during the Mesolithic in the British Isles: some amplifications’, in F. M. ), Climate Change and Human Impact on the Landscape (London, 1993), pp. 109–18; C. Caseldine and J. , pp. 119–31. P. D. ), Climatic Change and Human Impact, pp. 217–25; Tipping, ‘Form and fate’, p. 15; J. Fenton, ‘Native woods in the Highlands: thoughts and observations’, Scottish Forestry, 51 (1997), pp. 160–4. C. R. Wickham-Jones, Scotland’s First Settlers (London, 1994), p. 61. 28 10716 EUP Native 31/7/07 9:29 am Page 29 Phil's G4 Phil's G4:Users:phil:Public: PHIL'S JOBS:10 E XTENT AND CHARACTER OF THE WOODS BEFORE 1500 (analogous to the Dutch elm disease of our own time) or a combination of factors.
On the other hand it was also the period when, in the early Bronze Age, agricultural and technological change may have facilitated woodland clearance, and it is possible that removal of some of the cover increased the physical impact of precipitation on the soil. Arguably, even the innermost pine forests were not unscathed by human exploitation at an early date. In Strathspey, from about 1700–1900 bc in the case of Loch Garten, and 1000–1200 bc in the case of Loch Pityoulish, there is a decline in woodland and an increase in heather and herbs: the record does not prove clearance, but it has been described as evidence for the forest being opened up by human-related activity.
For a quarter of the land surface to have been wooded then would seem a possible figure. The present woodland cover of Scotland stands at 17 per cent, most of it plantation, and it is frequently urged upon us that the percentage should become much higher. There are many good arguments for planting trees in Scotland – to maintain employment, to give pleasure, to help carbon sequestration and to assist nature conservation. But it seems there may be fewer arguments from history than usually assumed, and none for restoring the fantastical Great Wood of Caledon.