Download African Smallholders: Food Crops, Markets and Policy by G. Durfeldt, Ernest Aryeetey, Aida Isinika PDF

By G. Durfeldt, Ernest Aryeetey, Aida Isinika

According to hugely topical foreign examine in a high-priority sector, this booklet files the farm-level results of the reorientation of agricultural rules with various topics for the several nations similar to micro-credit, infrastructure, funds crop creation and nutrition safeguard. It discusses staple foodstuff creation in sub-Saharan Africa and its reaction to altering geo-political, macro-economic and agricultural coverage, to deepen our figuring out of ways agricultural improvement unfolds at farm point. it's a resource for all these learning or concerned with nutrients safeguard, agricultural improvement and African foodstuff making plans.

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2008; Heady and Fan, 2008). Several observers stress that the recent food crisis has caused riots and troubles in several sub-Saharan African countries (OECD, 2008; Walt, 2008; African Economic Outlook, 2009). Bakrania and Lucas (2009:9) warn: ‘should the crisis persist . . ’ With such prospects, it would be easy to despair. The UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon (2008), however, found this to be ‘a perfect storm of new challenges’. So, how are governments in SSA responding to the challenge? What is New in the 21st Century?

Instead they point at increasing oil prices, depreciation of the US$, and biofuels as triggers of escalating food prices in 2008 (see also ADB, 2008). 3 It needs to be underlined that it is not the magnitude of the price hike that is the major problem but rather its abruptness, which gave farmers and governments little time for adjustment. Food prices in 2008 increased from historically low levels. Actually, ‘even the highest price levels experienced in 2007 and 2008 [were] substantially below the peaks in the previous world food crisis in 1973–1974.

This does not mean that there is no need for enhancing state capacity. There certainly is, especially with regard to the kind of issues that the AGRA initiative mentioned above involves. So, can these domestic political hurdles be overcome? The answer, in principle, is yes, but how far it will become reality depends on the willingness of both government leaders and donors to create the necessary policy space. One way of doing that is to encourage a more demand-driven change process through the establishment of agricultural development funds outside of the political realm to which groups and organizations of small-scale farmers have access.

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