By Said Amir Arjomand
A entire analytical view of Iran within the final 20 years, overlaying the advance of theocratic executive, hindrances to democratization and hardliners' overseas coverage and nearby ambitions
Written by means of the writer of The Turban for the Crown
A new thought of the progressive method and post-revolutionary reconstruction prompt through the Iranian case
For many american citizens, Iran is our most deadly enemy--part of George W. Bush's "axis of evil" even prior to the looks of Ahmadinejad. yet what's the fact? How did Ahmadinejad upward thrust to energy, and what kind of energy does he particularly have? What are the possibilities of normalizing kinfolk with Iran?
In After Khomeini, Saïd Amir Arjomand paints a refined and perceptive portrait of up to date Iran. This paintings, a sequel to Arjomand's acclaimed The Turban for the Crown, examines Iran less than the successors of Ayatollah Khomeini as much as the current day. He starts, because the Islamic Republic did, with Khomeini, providing a super tablet biography of the fellow who masterminded the revolution that overthrew the Shah. Arjomand attracts transparent differences among the moderates of the preliminary word of the revolution, radicals, pragmatists, and hardliners, the latter top exemplified by means of Mahmud Ahmadinejad. Taking a chronological and thematic procedure, he lines the emergence and consolidation of the current method of collective rule by means of clerical councils and the peaceable transition to twin management through the ayatollah because the splendid advisor and the subordinate president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He explains the interior political quarrels between Khomeini's heirs as a fight over his progressive legacy. And he outlines how the ruling clerical elite and the nation's safeguard forces are interdependent politically and economically, speculating at the capability destiny function of the progressive Guards. Bringing the paintings as much as present political occasions, Arjomand analyzes Iran's overseas coverage in addition, together with the influence of the autumn of Communism on Iran and Ahmadinejad's nuclear policy.
Few nations loom better in American overseas family than Iran. during this wealthy and insightful account, a professional on Iranian society and politics untangles the complexities of a state nonetheless using the turbulent wake of 1 of history's nice revolutions.
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Additional resources for After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors
The incipient collapse of communism in the last year of his life renewed Khomeini’s optimism, and in his New Year message of January 1, 1989, he told the Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, that he should learn about Islam as communism now belonged to the museum of history. ”36 In April 1989, he ordered the revision of the Constitution of 1979 on seven precise points to ensure that, unlike communism, the theocratic republic he had set up in Iran would survive into the next millennium. Khomeini died on June 3, 1989.
Not much of substance could be done to incorporate the theoretically ﬂawed idea of the Absolute Mandate into the Constitution. 10 Legislative Power, by contrast, became further diffused, even though in principle it emanated from the Leadership. It could be exercised by all citizens, lay and clerical, through their participation in the Majles, by the six clerical jurists of the Guardian Council, all of whom were appointed by the Leader, and by his clerically dominated new advisory body, the Maslahat Council.
With his theory of theocratic government made known in clerical circles, Khomeini began to prepare a beleaguered Shi’ite hierocracy for the takeover of a hostile, secularizing state, though without any general public discussion of the Mandate of the Jurist, for which the time was not considered ripe. The vaguer but more emotive term, “Islamic government” (hokumat-e esla¯mi) was instead used as the main revolutionary slogan. Khomeini’s clerical followers were enjoined to live up to their responsibility as the custodians of the Shi’ite tradition, and to unite to remove the danger and to preserve Islam.